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Maria Theresia

She was a women living in Austria in the 18th century and she was quite important for my country. She was the Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. She was the daughter of Charles 7 and after he died Maria Theresia ascends the thrown.

She married Francis 1, Duke of Lorraine and they had incredible, but true 16 children together. There were 11 daughters and 5 sons. She was one of really few women who married out of love.

After her father died Maria set on the thrown without any clue how to govern that country. Furthermore Austria had some political problems. The Army was really weak and the money in the treasure vault became less and less due to two wars.

She made managed it and made some chances for Austria. She increased the army, made it twice as big as it was before. Besides she chanced the taxes to guarantee the states having enough money.

She also introduced the “Höchstgericht” the highest dish. I took care that all the laws in the country were obtained.

The most popular step she took was the introduction of the compulsory school attendance. Before Maria Theresa nobody had to go school obligatorily. Till today it is taught in the school she founded the so called Theresianum. She also founded a military academy and made the medicine university in Wien better.

All the reforms strengthened the economy.

Then her husband Francis died and she governed the country with her oldest son Joseph. She gave him some work and some responsibility but she still rolled the reins.

She governed the country from 1740 until she died in 1780.

 

15.11.06 17:27
 


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